The Aim of this Chapter is:
- Simply to put down the information encountered to date
Some research has been done, but this story is a project in itself, and would require time spent in records within the churches and archives of the various Caribbean Islands. It is not a simple story. So I give an introduction and then record the information and sources uncovered and leave it to another, younger than I, to do the research.
To properly record the story of the Caribbean Anglins it would be necessary to tell the movement of Anglins from Ireland to the islands. Was it directly, was it via England or was it via Europe? So many questions!
Part of this story must include whom they were, where they came from and state what their intentions were in going to the Caribbean.
Having begun, then their story within the islands would also be told, including their ‘work’, their marriages, their children and in that process speak of the slaves, Irish and African, indicating how was it, individuals of African extraction came to have the surname Anglin.
The dying or departure of these ‘white’ Anglins from the Islands would also be part of the story as they are no longer there today.
We have Anglins going into the islands from England, and we have at a later date Anglins arriving in England from the islands. We have evidence of white Anglins and we have evidence of black Anglins! This story is quite different from all the other Anglin stories of the Diaspora. It is our story.
Sources and known information
Jamaica plantation Anglins
- There are the brothers Anglin, Phillip who died in 1748, and William
- There is Philip Anglin’s will source
- There is the marriage of William Anglin and Mary Dehany married 30th July 1710. She was the daughter of David Dehany of Jamaica who died 1655. He was of Dutch origin. Mary died 15th Dec 1722 aged 50. Their children were:
- Phillip Anglin b. 25 June 1711: Mary Anglin b. 24 Jan 1714: Elizabeth Anglin b. 13 Dec 1714: William Anglin b. 15 Jun 1719: Elizabeth Anglin (again) b. 9 Jan: Martha Anglin b. 24 Mar. 1726
- Then there are the Anglins linked to the Scarlets by marriage. In the Caribbean records is the following: - Among the early Plantation holders of Jamaica were the Anglin, Dehany, Lawrence, and Scarlet families. It appears two brothers William Anglin and Philip Anglin are in the records. Mary Lawrence, daughter of John Lawrence of Fairfield Estate was the wife of Philip Anglin of the Paradise Estate, Jamaica. She was born after 1700 and married in 1720. Their grandson became the first Lord Abinger. A Mrs. Robert Scarlett was the daughter of Phillip Anglin of Paradise Estate and Mary daughter of John Lawrence of Fairfield Estate, a great granddaughter of Henry Lawrence, President of Cromwell’s Council. Robert Scarlett and wife named one son Phillip Anglin Scarlett Philip was born in 1767. Philip died in 1823.and another William Anglin Scarlett.
- There is a Philip Anglin who arrived 1776, Jamaica, a schoolmaster from Church of England
- The above Anglins seem to have an English link and were of a Protestant Tradition
English National archives give Naval and Military Records of Anglins from the West Indies and West Indian regiments. Examples are H. B. Anglin, Lance Corporal and British West Indies.
The following is a list of Anglins named in these war records, Philip, James, Daniel, Charles, William Alexander, Samuel, Lambert, Earnest, Benjamin, Beresford, Nathaniel, Thomas and Obadiah. Surely someone must tell their story?
The Convert Rolls
Edited by Eileen O’Byrne, The Convert Rolls mentions a will relating to Margaret Anglin and relates her to the Island of Dominica and to Spike Island in Cork.
Passenger records show Anglins arriving from Kingston into New Orleans.
There are Anglins in various islands of the Caribbean. Their names can be found in Passenger arrivals in New Orleans from Kingston, in phone books of various islands, in wills, etc. There are Anglins in England and the USA who are immigrants from Jamaica. There are Anglins from the Caribbean islands in the military records of West Indian regiments of the British Army. But the primary question remains, when and how did the name Anglin enter those islands.
When did the name arrive in the Caribbean?
In the early 1700’s (or is it earlier) we find Anglins as plantation owners, we find them linked and married into the Scarlett Family of Jamaica and England and we find them as teachers.
The return to England?
The Anglins who came to England from the Caribbean after World War 11 were ‘Black Anglins’. This raises the question what is their genealogy and pedigree? In this context I am reminded of reading articles on the ‘Black Irish’ and also of how Irish people were taken as slaves to the Caribbean.
Irish History related to the Caribbean
The following are a few points of history linking the Irish to the Caribbean. If explored they may give us information on another aspect of the Anglin Diaspora:
- Irish people were shipped to Barbados from Drogheda. The ports of departure for transportation was Bristol /London. Particularly after 1651
- The Munster campaign under Ireton, led in 1651 to Waterford being cleared of Irish people. But to where?
- Then in 1652 Irish were sent from Waterford to merchants, Robert Cann, Robert Yate and Thomas Speed of Bristol. The latter took them to Barbados
- It is at this time some Irish traders moved to continental Europe and were involved in general trade not only within Europe but also with the West Indies and South America
- 1652: Henry Hazard and Robert Immans of Bristol took Irish from Ireland to the Caribbean
- 1653: Irish children transported via England. Names mentioned in documents in the transportation are Joseph Lawrence, merchant, Sir John Clotworthy
- Lord Broghill in Cork directed to give Irish people to Mr Selleck and Mr. Leader and by Captain John Vernon for transportation to West Indies
- 1654: Irish soldiers (the leaders were O’Dwyer and O’Brien) held on Spike Island; Cork to be transported by a Charles Andrews and a Mathias Browne of Dublin
- The worst years of transportation were 1655 and 1656, but the effort had been going on for thirty years
Historical information on individual Caribbean Islands
The islands have to be treated individually in relation to the Irish presence, as the Irish were linked not only to England but also to France Spain and the Dutch at this time.
The Irish went as labour later replaced by African labour
There are Anglins in Antigua. Antigua drew Irish labour but via Spain. Antigua colonised by Thomas Warner from St. Kitts, He sent protestant settlers from St. Kitts
Drew Irish labour but via Spain
- St. Kitts
1690 St. Kitts taken from French by British. Thomas Warner faced riots between Catholics and Protestants and he sent Catholics to Montserrat and kept Protestants in St. Kitts
Drew Irish labour but via Spain etc.
- Peter Wilson Cobham’s writings e.g. The Complete Book of Emigrants in Bondage 1614-1778)
- The Periodical ‘Studies’; Articles by Gwynn (Rev. Aubrey) S.J.:
- Early Irish emigration to the West Indies (1612—1643). (Studies. Vol. XVIII, Sept., Dec., 1929)
- A history of the Catholic Church in Jamaica by Francis X. Delaney, B.J., reviewed by. (Studies, Vol. XIX, pp. 512—14, Sept. 1930)
- Cromwell’s policy of transportation. (Studies. Vol. XIX, Dec., 1930, Vol. XX, June, 1931)
- Whence the “Black Irish” of Jamaica? By Joseph J. Williams, S.J. reviewed by. (Studies, Vol. XXI, p.694, Dec., 1932)
- Indentured Servants and Negro slaves in Barbados (1641-1650)
- Cf. English National archives. Wills of:
- Sir William Anglin Scarlett chief Justice of Jamaica 31/7/1832
- William Anglin of Westmoreland Cornwall Jamaica 10/6/1843
- Philip Anglin Morris of St. James Cornwall Jamaica 16/9/1843
- Philip Anglin Scarlett of St. James Jamaica 20/4/1825
Material worthy of research
- ‘Irish Schoolmasters in the American colonies 1640-1775’ by John C. Lenihan
- Filby, P William & Meyer, Mary K. ‘Passenger and immigration lists bibliography 1538-1900
- The Westward Enterprise by Liverpool University Press
- Irish Slaves in the West Indies by MacInery M.H.
- Whence the ‘black Irish’ of Jamaica. By Williams Joseph
- ‘The population of the British Colonies’ p 212-213,261-296 written in 1975
- C. E. Yeo’s book ‘The British overseas; a Guide to Records of their Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths and Burials in the UK’
- Fothergill, Gerald A List of Emigrant Ministers to America, 1690-1811. London: Elliot Stock, 1904. 65p. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1965
- Assisted passage Records of persons going to colonies are at the National Archives England and the Guildhall Library London
Periodicals and Articles
- Information on book sources can be obtained from Hayes’ volumes on Irish manuscripts articles
- Russel (Rev. Matthew) S.J. Irish exiles and West Indian slaves. (Vol. XXX, pp. 265—9, May, 1902)
- Brownlow (Rev. S. R.) Canon: ‘Lectures on slavery and serfdom in Europe” reviewed with references to Irish in West Indies. Vol. XX, p. 331, June 1892)
Irish Ecclesiastical Record
- The sales of the Irish to the Plantations. 5th Ser. Vol. IV Aug 1914 Pp 163-184 Hehir (D. Noel) S.J.
- Murphy (Rev. D.) S.J.: Deportation of the Irish to the West Indies in the seventeenth century. 3rd Ser., Vol. XIV, July, Aug., 1893)
- Williams (Rev. Joseph J.) S.J.: Whence the ‘Black Irish” of Jamaica. (Reviewed by J.W.) 5th Ser. Vol. XLIII. June 1934. Pp. 670—671)
The Irish Sword
- Robins (Brig. C. G.), Note on The Irish Brig-ade in the West Indies. Vol. II. No. 9, p. 374, Winter, 1956)
- L. (G. M. de): Note on A letter from the West Indies (from H. D’Lacherois July, l762) Vol. VII. No. 27, pp. l73-4 Winter, 1965)
- The womenfolk of the Wild Geese in the Vol 5(1962) pp135-136
- Townshend (Dorothea) p The Irish in the West Indies In the 17th end 18th centuries, (Cork Hist, and Arch. Soc. Jo. Ser. 2, Vol. XV, p. 147, l9o9)
- FitzGerald (Lord Walter): Monumental Inscriptions, relating to Irishmen, from the Cathedral Jamaica
- With note by 0, J. Hewson. (Roya1 Soc. of Antiq. of Ireland Jn., Ser. 5, Vol. VII, pp. 75—6, 2145. 1897), Williams (J.L): The Regicides in Ireland III
- Ultoniensis (pseud.), Queries concerning Irish people banished by Cromwell to the West Indies and the time the first watermill was established in Ulster. Note by Scnex. (Ulster Jo. of Arch. Ser. 1, Vol. III, p. 83. 1855, Vol. IV, p. 275, 1856)
- Mac Eoin (Gearoid): Black Irish. Illustr. (The Capuchin Annual, pp. 80—88, 1949)
- Fanning (Rev. Hugh) 0.P. The Mission (of Irish Dominicans) to St. Croix in the West Indies, 1750—69. Documents from the Archives of San Clement, Rome. (Archivium Hibernicus, Vol. XXV, pp. 75—122, 1962)
- Irish Schoolmasters in the American Colonies. The Catholic Bulletin vol. 29 784-788 NLI 942 I
- Gwynn A. ‘Documents relating to the Irish in the West Indies with accounts of Irish settlements, 1612-1752 Annalecta Hibernica Vol 4 140-286
Historical characters colonising Companies
- Sir Thomas Warner
- The Royal African Company
- The Virginia Company were in charge of that area
- The Royal Company of Adventurers later known as the Royal African Company became a supplier of slaves
Church and Government records
- Some people needed licences to travel to the colonies in the 1500 and 1600’s Cf. National Archives classes E 157 and CO1 and again in FO 610
- Colonial papers (CO 1) and Board of Trade minutes 1675-1704 (CO 391) are calendared and indexed in the Her Majesty Stationary Office
- Calendar or State papers, colonial, America and West Indies 1574-1738 in the National British Library London
- Assisted passage Records of persons going to colonies are at the National Archives England and the Guildhall Library London
- Anglican records of the colonies in the Lambeth Palace Library, Guildhall Library and the National Archives
- Some births marriages and deaths in colonies are found in the Foreign Office in National Archives London
- In Class T 47/9-12 in the National Archives London hold a list of emigrants to the Americas
- Many towns, churches founded by the emigrants in the Caribbean may have good historical archives including material from the first settlers, maybe names, maybe their origins, maybe the port of embarkation
- There are treasury Board records in the National Archives in Britain in class T1 containing many references to emigrants
Further developments on Chapter 15
The Fulham Papers comprise the archive of the bishops of London transferred from Fulham Palace, the former residence of the bishops of London. The collection includes correspondence on the administration of the diocese of London, and on the churches, particularly in America and the West Indies, which came under the bishop's jurisdiction before the founding of separate episcopates in those countries. It also includes a series of visitation returns.