O’hANGLUINN:
The Surname 'Anglin'
Diaspora

Chapter 14

The Canadian story

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Introduction

The migration of the Anglins to Canada in the early 1800’s occurs much later than the Anglin migration to the USA. There is therefore a greater possibility of finding appropriate records about their migration due to the lessening of tensions within Ireland, both at civil and religious level. People in the 1800’s were now willing to complete the normal records of civil life.

Ports on the south Coast of County Cork maintained commercial trade with Canadian ports for some generations before 1800 and so it is no surprise Anglins from Bandon and Clonakilty would emigrate to Canada, rather than somewhere else. These trade links also existed between Bandon, through Colliers quay three miles from the town, to St. John and Quebec in Canada. It is not clear why the particular individual Anglins choose to leave Ireland. Some had actually moved before the Irish famine of the 1840’s. Maybe one day the reasons will be understood. But whatever the reasons for their departure they have prospered in their new homeland.

There are two major genealogical lines of Anglins in Canada, which I refer to as the ‘Protestant Canadian Anglins’, and the ‘Catholic Canadian Anglins’ merely by way of identification. Available evidence shows both groups come from West Cork and their being of different religious persuasions is not unusual, as in the 1600’s there were members of both religious traditions in County Cork.
 

Sources of information on Canadian Anglins

Both Canadian lines have done major work in building family trees. Bill Anglins family line is in DNA Group 2. The Canadian Catholic line has not been tested.

Detailed information on the Canadian Protestant line is available on the Internet on the Bill Anglin site. This site gives the story of his line in Canada but also records their links to Ireland and even to a group of Anglins in Australia. The number of Anglin university graduates within this line is fascinating, truly carrying on the desire for learning that is so important in Irish traditions.

Bill Anglin also makes reference to the other line of Anglins, ‘The Canadian Catholic Anglins’. They too have done detailed studies of their own story in Canada and their link back to Clonakilty Ireland. Information on them can be gained by contact with the Anglin DNA project team. The presence of this Anglin line in political, juridical affairs and in the theatre is of note.

Besides these two major lines other unrelated Anglins have entered Canada over the years, but no research has gone into them.- one is of the ‘Glanmire Anglin’ line.
 

Other information

There is information on movements of Canadian Anglins in Passenger records.

There is a place called Anglin Drive (and Promenade Anglin en Francais) in St John, NB Canada.

Information on Canadian Anglins in the military and naval records in Canada and England can be found through their respective National Archive Web sites.

The English nationalarchives.gov.uk gives these names:

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Individual Anglins in the public arena

There are books on:

  • Timothy Warren Anglin by William m. Baker
     
  • Margaret Anglin; A Stage Life by John LeVay

Timothy Warren Anglin was involved in politics and Journalism. Margaret Anglin was involved in the Theatre and Francis Anglin was involved in the Judiciary.
 

The Canadian & Australian link of the Anglins

An important aspect of Bill Anglins work is the establishment of a link between his line of Anglins and some of the Anglins in Australia. This is important as it brings together Canada, Ireland and Australia by documents.
 

Postscript

It is quite amazing the amount of effort these Anglins have obviously expended on the story of the Anglins of Canada. On reading their work one can only offer praise. I make no effort to add to the record of this living people. This chapter is included to publicise the Canadian Anglin story to Anglins of other countries. This writer is aware what really would please the Canadians is if someone could complete the initial Irish phase of their story with documentary evidence. That is being attempted but paucity of records for that period is a problem.


Further developments on Chapter 14

Introduction

In researching Waterford as a stop on a possible ‘Shipping Corridor’ for Anglin emigration, I became aware of the work of Dr. Mannion. Dr. Mannion’s work shows the presence of an Anglin in St. John Newfoundland. He also spoke of the shipping corridor linking the west country of England, Waterford and Newfoundland. Awareness of the Bristol Anglins and of Wills of Anglins in Waterford, demanded closer research into what is available in the local studies departments of Libraries in Bristol, Waterford and St. John’s to put flesh on this Anglin migration. This emigration of a few individual Anglins to Newfoundland differs from the emigration of the two main Anglin lines in Canada, whose origin lies in the Bandon / Clonakilty area of West Cork.

The Evidence of Anglins on this Waterford corridor

  • Quotation from a letter from Dr. Mannion:

    “I have only two references to Anglins in Newfoundland. A Joseph Anglin was sued by Timothy Flannery for L19. 8. 6, Oct. 27, 1820, St. John's. Flannery was a shopkeeper /publican/trader from Stradbally, Co. Waterford, in St. John's. He won the case ‘by default’. Usually means Anglin did not appear in court. The debt is substantial. Anglin may have been an artisan, supplied by Flannery. G.N.2/1/A, Oct. 27, 1820. St. John's Court Records. No other reference to Joseph. He likely moved on.

    On October 30, 1842, James Anglin of Tallow, Co. Waterford m. Margaret Purcell of St. John's in the Old Chapel, St. John's. Tallow was a fairly important source area for Newfoundland migration. Near the tidal limits of the River Bride/Blackwater. (See my map in ‘Tracing the Irish’). He would have sailed from Youghal. Source: Basilica R.C.Marriage Registers, St. John's. No other reference. He may have lived outside the Parish of St. John's. Apart from a tiny area around Youghal - east to Cloyne - Cork was a minor source for Newfoundland migration. The name, as you note is rare in the hinterland of Waterford.”
     
  • An entry for 1894 directory of St. John’s Newfoundland: Francis Anglin shoemaker 6 Brazil Square.
     
  • There are Anglins in Bristol from at least early 1800 cf. the family tree of the ‘Bristol Anglins’.
     
  • There are wills of Anglins in Waterford in the 1700’s:
    • John Anglin Knockatimore, County Waterford - probated 1730
    • John Anglin Ballylaffin, County Waterford - probated 1779
    • John Handlin, H.M.S. The Cornwall - probated 1749 (English Ship)
      – note spelling!!
    • John Hanglin, Ballynhally County Waterford - probated 1750
  • A ‘Glanmire Anglin’ Patrick went to Canada after World War 2 and married Genevieve in St. John New Brunswick, Canada; his son died 1970.


Some of the documents examined in the preparation of this Chapter:

  • Dr. Mannion’s work is available on the Internet
     
  • First reference: Tracing the Irish: A Geographical Guide
     
  • And another reference containing a map
     
  • I contacted the Cobh Shipping museum but no Anglins in their records. I also contacted the Cork Harbour shipping records, but they go back only to Independence. Earlier records are in Kew, London.
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