Immigration of Anglins into the USA
The Early immigrants
This first part of this chapter will focus on the early Anglins to the USA, i.e. the period up to the late 1700’s.
The Aims for Part A are:
The research already carried out is in the unpublished book of Walter Anglin “Anglins of Colonial America” in which he speaks of the Maryland Anglins, a family line that seems to have died out, he also refers to the first Virginian Anglin, Ruth, about whom little is known. Then there is Evelyn William’s unpublished book ‘In Search of Anglins’ written in 1982. There is also ongoing research carried out by individuals and particularly the coordinating and research work carried out by the Anglin DNA project team.
Initially I had seen the story of the early Anglins as a unit: now, particularly with the evidence produced by the DNA findings, it really has to be considered as separate stories. The evidence to date is of six different Anglin individuals or groups in the mainland American Colonies in the 17th and early 18th Centuries, while some of the supporting evidence is from shipping records, it is mostly from old land records.
Each ‘patriarch’s story seems to be independent of the others, with a possible unproven link of the Maryland Anglins with the Patriarch William family line of Group 2 referred to earlier as ‘The Anglins of Carswell County North Carolina’, (not forgetting he originally lived in Virginia).
I have placed the available details on the Maryland Anglins as an addendum to this chapter because they are the oldest line and also they may open up a link to Bristol England or directly to Ireland.
These six early Anglin individuals are:
The major problem
The problem faced in furthering this study of the early period is the same problem that exists in Ireland for 1600-1750, namely the scarcity of records, specifically in regard to the movement of ‘ordinary people’. An effort has to be made to fill this gap in knowledge. This gap applies to all of these six Anglins.
Efforts to identify the initial entry of them directly from Ireland has not bourn fruit, so I feel the focus must seriously include movement of people from Bristol England, to the ports of Virginia and it’s surrounds. I have taken this view following time spent examining the historical context for the1600’ and 1700’s. That period seems to link England’s Bristol to Virginia and Ireland in quite a definite manner. Some points on the history are referred to in appendix 4 with information on trade and tobacco records available on the net and these may reinforce the Bristol Cork link.
The first generations of USA Anglins
In the absence of family records of their predecessors the first names of wives and children are also included as a possible guiding aid in the research for their ancestors. The information here must be certain, so in doubt I have added question marks or a c. to indicate doubt.
William arrived 1689; born 1659. With his wife Sarah their probable children were:
Group 2 DNA Virginia Anglins
William bn. c.1730 m. Ann (surname unknown) c. 1754. Their children were:
Group 3 DNA Virginia Anglins
Adrian married Elizabeth (surname unknown). Their children were:
Group 4 DNA Virginia Anglins
What information is now sought?
What is sought is the linkage to the place in Europe from which they originally came?
It is true the DNA work has identified the Irish ancestry for Group 2 and 3 as a whole but without showing the ‘journey’, ‘the paper trail’. Walter Anglin suspected their journey might have been through England.
There are three relevant historical facts:
Progress will be achieved in following the linkage of these three. So the study of Bristol’s trade, (tobacco, slavery, and seafarers), her trade routes and the presence of Anglins in Bristol might give the link. It is worth examining whatever records may be available in Bristol. (There is also a vague possibility they came via Spain: this has not been researched).
The story of these early Anglins after their arrival in the USA
The American Anglins are keeping up their study of the various family trees and while at times the identification of the descendants faces stages of flux, progress is being made. As regards the very early years they seem to have exhausted the possible documentary information available in the local American (e.g. Virginian) and national records, though the recent find of group 3’s Adrian’s will and debentured status shows information may still lie hidden.
History tells us Irish people entered the Americas via Europe, particularly France e.g. Irish soldiers fighting in the US linked to France. The question arises were any of these Anglins?
The linkage of US Anglins to US Anglims
Presently this work is along parallel lines. It would be good to see the work of Chris Anglin enter the main stream of the Anglin story.
The later immigrants
Little need be written on the period of the very late 1700’s to the very early 1900’s, as the story has been well publicised over the generations. Knowledge of this Irish migration is centred on the great Irish Famine of the 1840’s.
From the early years of this period many Irish, Protestant and Catholic, from north and south, came to the US. Some came to experience greater freedom, religious and political, in their lives; others to seek a better future; and others in order to assist financially other family members still in Ireland. With the famine this changed. There was a massive influx of the same types of Irish but this time to survive, sadly helped in many cases by landlords who put the tenants off the land so they could better improve their own lot. While the famine came slowly to an end in the 1850’s, the lot of the people remained difficult as the ‘land issue’ continued and so migration continued.
The Irish arrived to the northern ports of the USA and of course Canada too; today’s replica ships the Jennie Johnson and Dunbrody typifying the story. The numbers increased as the 1800’s passed and among them were some Anglins too. By the 1840’s the arrivals had become a small flood. As years passed many of these Irish moved away from the port towns even some moving southward as well as westward, and so the Anglins moved too.
The arrival stage in the later years of 1800 and early 1900’s is well documented, as rules for ships manifests were coming into effect. Much Information about them can be gleaned in Ellis Island records, the documents, census and naturalisation papers of the various states of the USA, as well as information on Irish soldiers in various American regiments, including the Irish regiments of the Civil war. It is there the story of the Anglins can be researched again.
The Anglin story
The story of these later Anglins within America is a matter for American Anglins and is outside the intended scope of this report. Judging from the work of the DNA team the family tree element of the story is progressing. But where are the Biographies? One aspect of the USA Anglins not much in evidence as yet is short biographies of worthy individual Anglins of the past.
Genealogical work is more than surnames and dates, it is people. There is information on the two Anglin Country Singers and the Escapees from Alcatraz, Clarence and John Anglin but I am sure there are many worthy of being remembered.
Other material worthy of research
An addendum on the Maryland Anglins
Besides the work of Evelyn Williams, knowledge of these Anglins comes from an unpublished book by Walter Anglin called “Anglins of Colonial America”, which can be accessed through the Anglin DNA team. Here is what Walter Anglin wrote in his book on the Anglins who were in Maryland. Typed exactly as given to me by the DNA team:
Earliest Anglin individual on Maryland records Eleanor Anglin of 1688
Eleanor Anglin arrived in Maryland as a passenger on a ship reaching there in 1688. Most settlers entering Maryland at that time were from England. Eleanor's surname, Anglin, was Irish. Did she come from Ireland? Possible, but we cannot be certain because some Anglin families, likely from Ireland, were already living in England. What Happened to Eleanor? I did not find any later records pertaining to Eleanor. No family was shown for her on the passenger list.
Earliest Anglin family
William Anglin of Maryland William Anglin born 1659. This William Anglin family was the earliest Anglin family in America according to colonial records pertaining to the early settlements. This William Anglin can be traced in Maryland as follows. William had arrived in Maryland in 1689. (He stated in a deposition in 1721 that he had lived in Maryland for 32 years. That would make his date of arrival as 1689.)
William Anglin is on a record showing him in Arundal County, Maryland in 1696. On the deposition mentioned in Paragraph 1, above, William gave his age as 62. He was therefore born in 1659.
We do not know his place of birth. (Most church and court records of that time did not mention place of birth). Since he had an Irish surname, he likely was born in Ireland but we cannot be certain.
In 1724 a 60-acre tract of land in Maryland called "Anglin's Discovery" was sold. Considering William's age, the land was probably sold after William's death.
An early William Anglin is identified in Hanover County (Va) in 1734. That William Anglin was supposedly a brother of Philip Anglin from France. But it is possible that he was a descendent of this first William Anglin of Maryland.
The William and Sarah Anglin Sr (of Maryland) family chart
William Anglin Sr. b. 1659, married Sarah (maiden name unknown) probable children:
In addition to Cornelius Anglin Jr (above) other probable grandchildren were:
The above listed "probable grandchildren" were each named on one or more early Maryland records. Dates and/or other clues indicated that each of them likely belonged to the next generation. (i.e., grandchildren of William & Sarah Anglin Sr). I could positively identify only one of them to actual parents (i.e., Cornelius Anglin Jr).
Paragraphs below correspond to the designation of each respective child shown on the above family chart.
Note in Section Three the frequent use of the given name Cornelius among the children and later descendents of the William Anglin family from Louisa County, Virginia. Where they connected? Possible.
In subsequent Section Three (Chapter VIII) a William Anglin is identified who went from Louisa County, Virginia, to North Carolina. That family line perpetuated the name Cornelius profusely through several generations. They may have descended from this line of Maryland Anglins. There is no proof.
Another Anglin of early Maryland
There was a Zachariah Anglin on the Maryland census of 1800 with children. His marriage to Jane Cobern in Baltimore January 6, 1811, appears to have been a second marriage.
What happened to the early Anglin Families of Maryland?
Some Possible Explanations:
Maryland Anglins found on various indexes of the U.S. Censuses
1800: Nat Anglin 20010-10201 Anne Arundel Co, pg. 67, and Zachariah Anglin 10010-01010, pg 63
1810: Agnatius Anglin (likely Nat of 1800), Anne Arundal County, pg. 494
1840: Charles Aggeling (Anglin?) Baltimore County, pg. 243, and Gotliess Anglin, Baltimore County, pg. 323
Among the hundreds or more places of birth checked on censuses of 1850 and later none stated, "born in Maryland"! Among the hundreds of Anglins and Anglin descendents checked on censuses of 1880 none stated as having a father "born in Maryland"!
The following piece of information comes from Karen Parker:
1756: Athanasius Anglin deserted (25- y/o planter, Anne Arundel Co., MD
1759: John Anglin deserted at Annapolis (age 18, born on Severn R., MD)