O’hANGLUINN:
The Surname 'Anglin'
Diaspora

Chapter 13

Immigration of Anglins into the USA

button-previous button-next

Part A

The Early immigrants

This first part of this chapter will focus on the early Anglins to the USA, i.e. the period up to the late 1700’s.

The Aims for Part A are:

  1. To identify the original Early Anglins in the USA
     
  2. To identify the names of spouse and children of the first generation
     
  3. To identify dates and places
     
  4. To record only matters of fact. If suppositions are included they will be marked by the addition of c. for dates; and ?? for other matters

Introduction

The research already carried out is in the unpublished book of Walter Anglin “Anglins of Colonial America” in which he speaks of the Maryland Anglins, a family line that seems to have died out, he also refers to the first Virginian Anglin, Ruth, about whom little is known. Then there is Evelyn William’s unpublished book ‘In Search of Anglins’ written in 1982. There is also ongoing research carried out by individuals and particularly the coordinating and research work carried out by the Anglin DNA project team.

Initially I had seen the story of the early Anglins as a unit: now, particularly with the evidence produced by the DNA findings, it really has to be considered as separate stories. The evidence to date is of six different Anglin individuals or groups in the mainland American Colonies in the 17th and early 18th Centuries, while some of the supporting evidence is from shipping records, it is mostly from old land records.

Each ‘patriarch’s story seems to be independent of the others, with a possible unproven link of the Maryland Anglins with the Patriarch William family line of Group 2 referred to earlier as ‘The Anglins of Carswell County North Carolina’, (not forgetting he originally lived in Virginia).

I have placed the available details on the Maryland Anglins as an addendum to this chapter because they are the oldest line and also they may open up a link to Bristol England or directly to Ireland.

These six early Anglin individuals are:

  1. The first Anglin in the USA, a lady, Ruth Anglin, arrived in Virginia in 1635 as a debentured servant?
  2. Eleanor Anglin was the first Anglin in Maryland she arrived 1688
  3. William Anglin arrived Maryland in 1689 and established a family
  4. William Anglin arrived Virginia 1733(?), then to N.C.
    (A family line of Gp 2 DNA Anglins)
  5. Adrian Anglin, a debentured servant, arrived Virginia c.1731
    (A family line of Gp 3 DNA Anglins)
  6. James Anglin who arrived Virginia. c. 175?
    (A family line of Gp 4 DNA Anglins)
     

The major problem

The problem faced in furthering this study of the early period is the same problem that exists in Ireland for 1600-1750, namely the scarcity of records, specifically in regard to the movement of ‘ordinary people’. An effort has to be made to fill this gap in knowledge. This gap applies to all of these six Anglins.

Efforts to identify the initial entry of them directly from Ireland has not bourn fruit, so I feel the focus must seriously include movement of people from Bristol England, to the ports of Virginia and it’s surrounds. I have taken this view following time spent examining the historical context for the1600’ and 1700’s. That period seems to link England’s Bristol to Virginia and Ireland in quite a definite manner. Some points on the history are referred to in appendix 4 with information on trade and tobacco records available on the net and these may reinforce the Bristol Cork link.
 

The first generations of USA Anglins

In the absence of family records of their predecessors the first names of wives and children are also included as a possible guiding aid in the research for their ancestors. The information here must be certain, so in doubt I have added question marks or a c. to indicate doubt.
 

Maryland Anglins

William arrived 1689; born 1659. With his wife Sarah their probable children were:

  • William born about 1695 married Ellis Taylor, a widow on July 22, 1725
     
  • John Anglin born about 1697 married Mary Uneth on May 21, 1734
     
  • Cornelius born about 1700 married Barbara (maiden name unknown)
     
  • Mary born about 1709 married Robert Gardner
     

Group 2 DNA Virginia Anglins

William bn. c.1730 m. Ann (surname unknown) c. 1754. Their children were:

  • Cornelius. bn. c.1755
     
  • John bn. 1759
     
  • First name unknown?? Female bn. c.1760.maybe Nancy
     
  • First name unknown? female bn. 1762
     
  • Also He may have a son William bn. Louise Co. Vg. C.1763
     

Group 3 DNA Virginia Anglins

Adrian married Elizabeth (surname unknown). Their children were:

  • Ann bn.1724 William bn. 1733 John bn. 1734 Mary Ann bn. 1735 Mary bn. 1738
     
  • Adrian 2nd.marriage Mary Thornhill children
     
  • Phillip bn.1742 Elizabeth b. 1744 Sarah bn. 1747 Lydia bn. 1749 Adrian bn. 1752 Joseph bn. 1755
     

Group 4 DNA Virginia Anglins

  • James bn. 1720? In Ireland? d.c.1778 Georgia spouse name unknown children
  • John bn. c.1755
  • David bn. c 1756 N.C.
  • Henry bn. 1757 N.C.
  • William bn. Georgia c.1758
  • Catherine
     

What information is now sought?

What is sought is the linkage to the place in Europe from which they originally came?

It is true the DNA work has identified the Irish ancestry for Group 2 and 3 as a whole but without showing the ‘journey’, ‘the paper trail’. Walter Anglin suspected their journey might have been through England.

There are three relevant historical facts:

  • colonisation of Ireland
     
  • the colonisation and early period of Virginia and its neighbouring areas
     
  • the coloniser England

Progress will be achieved in following the linkage of these three. So the study of Bristol’s trade, (tobacco, slavery, and seafarers), her trade routes and the presence of Anglins in Bristol might give the link. It is worth examining whatever records may be available in Bristol. (There is also a vague possibility they came via Spain: this has not been researched).

The story of these early Anglins after their arrival in the USA

The American Anglins are keeping up their study of the various family trees and while at times the identification of the descendants faces stages of flux, progress is being made. As regards the very early years they seem to have exhausted the possible documentary information available in the local American (e.g. Virginian) and national records, though the recent find of group 3’s Adrian’s will and debentured status shows information may still lie hidden.

History

History tells us Irish people entered the Americas via Europe, particularly France e.g. Irish soldiers fighting in the US linked to France. The question arises were any of these Anglins?

The linkage of US Anglins to US Anglims

Presently this work is along parallel lines. It would be good to see the work of Chris Anglin enter the main stream of the Anglin story.


Part B

The later immigrants

Little need be written on the period of the very late 1700’s to the very early 1900’s, as the story has been well publicised over the generations. Knowledge of this Irish migration is centred on the great Irish Famine of the 1840’s.

Who came?

From the early years of this period many Irish, Protestant and Catholic, from north and south, came to the US. Some came to experience greater freedom, religious and political, in their lives; others to seek a better future; and others in order to assist financially other family members still in Ireland. With the famine this changed. There was a massive influx of the same types of Irish but this time to survive, sadly helped in many cases by landlords who put the tenants off the land so they could better improve their own lot. While the famine came slowly to an end in the 1850’s, the lot of the people remained difficult as the ‘land issue’ continued and so migration continued.

Their arrival

The Irish arrived to the northern ports of the USA and of course Canada too; today’s replica ships the Jennie Johnson and Dunbrody typifying the story. The numbers increased as the 1800’s passed and among them were some Anglins too. By the 1840’s the arrivals had become a small flood. As years passed many of these Irish moved away from the port towns even some moving southward as well as westward, and so the Anglins moved too.

The arrival stage in the later years of 1800 and early 1900’s is well documented, as rules for ships manifests were coming into effect. Much Information about them can be gleaned in Ellis Island records, the documents, census and naturalisation papers of the various states of the USA, as well as information on Irish soldiers in various American regiments, including the Irish regiments of the Civil war. It is there the story of the Anglins can be researched again.

The Anglin story

The story of these later Anglins within America is a matter for American Anglins and is outside the intended scope of this report. Judging from the work of the DNA team the family tree element of the story is progressing. But where are the Biographies? One aspect of the USA Anglins not much in evidence as yet is short biographies of worthy individual Anglins of the past.

Genealogical work is more than surnames and dates, it is people. There is information on the two Anglin Country Singers and the Escapees from Alcatraz, Clarence and John Anglin but I am sure there are many worthy of being remembered.
 

Material searched

  • The DNA project team shared information they unearthed plus information present in the books of Evelyn Williams and Walter Anglin
     
  • Irish American Associations early years by David Beers Quinn: Gave history only
     
  • The complete Book of Emigrants in Bondage 1614-1775 by Peter Wilson Cobham: no Anglins
     
  • The complete Book of Emigrants by P.W. Coldham (GPC 1987—1993)
     
  • Kings passengers to Maryland and Virginia by Peter Wilson Cobham. (Check William Anglin to Maryland in 1742)
     
  • King Joseph ‘Ireland to North America; emigrants from West Cork’ no Anglins vols 1-4
     
  • The Encyclopaedia of the Irish in America. By Michael Glazier Notre Dame Press. No Anglins
     
  • The shipping records at New Orleans gives many Anglins arriving from the West Indies
     
  • Ellis island site. Ellis Island covers late 1800’s and early 1900’s many Anglins
     
  • J. F. Kennedy Trust; shipping information ‘Dunbroady’ includes Anglins
     
  • The following is from one of the ‘Manuscript Sources for the History of Irish Civilisation’ Vol 1 Persons’ Edited by Hayes. Genealogical Office Manuscript ms 111H Folio 55:
     
    • ‘The Grant of Arms to descendants of William Anglim of Rosegreen County Tipperary and to his grandson Clifford C. Anglim of Richmond, son of Patrick Anglim of Napa both in California son of Matthew Anglin of Rosegreen Co. Tipperary granted 11/2/1956’ Rosegreen is a townland in Tipperary South Riding Barony is Middlethird Parish Tullmain P. L.U. Cashel Vol 2 p 33 Census 1851
       

Other material worthy of research

  • Assisted passage Records to colonies at National Archives England and the Guildhall Library London
  • ‘Child Apprentices in Virginia, America from Christ’s Hospital, London 1617-1778 (gpc 1990)
  • In Class T 47/9-12 in the National Archives London is a list of emigrants to the Americas
  • ‘Ulster Emigration to colonial America 1718—75’ By Dickson
  • ‘Original Lists of Persons of Quality emigrating to America 1600- 1700’ by J. C. Hotten
  • ‘Irish Schoolmasters in the American colonies 1640-1775’ by John C. Lenihan
  • ‘Irish Settlers in America by M. J. O’Brien
  • Filby, P William & Meyer, Mary K. ‘Passenger and immigration lists bibliography 1538-1900
  • McGinn Brian ‘Virginia’s Lost Irish Colonists’
  • Ireland to America by John c. Lenihan
  • The Irish Diaspora by Donald Harman Akenson Toronto 1993
  • The Irish Diaspora by Andy Bielenberg Ed Cork 2000
  • The Westward Enterprise by Liverpool University Press
  • The Journal of the American Irish historical society Articles:
    • ‘Irish pioneers in Maryland’ 14 (1915) 207-19 by M.J. O’Brien NLI IR 973 a 1
    • ‘Irish builders in North Carolina’ 10 (1911) NLI IR 973 a 1
    • ‘Grantees of Land in Virginia’ 13 NLI IR 973 a 1
    • ‘Irish Settlers on the Opequan’ 6 (1906), 71-4 NLI IR 973 a 1
    • ‘Some Irish Settlers in Virginia’ 2 (1899), 161-66, NLI IR 973 a 1 by J. Lawless
    • John Lenihan Early Irish Settlements in Virginia 4 (1904) 30-42 NLI IR 973 a 1
  • Historical Papers reprinted from the Journal of the American Irish historical society:
    • O’Brien M.J. The Irish in Charlestown, South Carolina’, (1926) NLI GR 2240 Vol xxv
    • O’Brien M. J. ‘Lymerick Plantation’ Berkeley County South Carolina, (1926) NLI GR 2240 Vol xxv
    • O’Brien M.J. ‘Pioneer Irish Families in Virginia, Meades and Sullivans’ (1926) NLI GR 2240 Vol 25
       

An addendum on the Maryland Anglins

Besides the work of Evelyn Williams, knowledge of these Anglins comes from an unpublished book by Walter Anglin called “Anglins of Colonial America”, which can be accessed through the Anglin DNA team. Here is what Walter Anglin wrote in his book on the Anglins who were in Maryland. Typed exactly as given to me by the DNA team:

Earliest Anglin individual on Maryland records Eleanor Anglin of 1688

Eleanor Anglin arrived in Maryland as a passenger on a ship reaching there in 1688. Most settlers entering Maryland at that time were from England. Eleanor's surname, Anglin, was Irish. Did she come from Ireland? Possible, but we cannot be certain because some Anglin families, likely from Ireland, were already living in England. What Happened to Eleanor? I did not find any later records pertaining to Eleanor. No family was shown for her on the passenger list.

Earliest Anglin family

William Anglin of Maryland William Anglin born 1659. This William Anglin family was the earliest Anglin family in America according to colonial records pertaining to the early settlements. This William Anglin can be traced in Maryland as follows. William had arrived in Maryland in 1689. (He stated in a deposition in 1721 that he had lived in Maryland for 32 years. That would make his date of arrival as 1689.)

William Anglin is on a record showing him in Arundal County, Maryland in 1696. On the deposition mentioned in Paragraph 1, above, William gave his age as 62. He was therefore born in 1659.

We do not know his place of birth. (Most church and court records of that time did not mention place of birth). Since he had an Irish surname, he likely was born in Ireland but we cannot be certain.

In 1724 a 60-acre tract of land in Maryland called "Anglin's Discovery" was sold. Considering William's age, the land was probably sold after William's death.

Comment

An early William Anglin is identified in Hanover County (Va) in 1734. That William Anglin was supposedly a brother of Philip Anglin from France. But it is possible that he was a descendent of this first William Anglin of Maryland.
 

The William and Sarah Anglin Sr (of Maryland) family chart

William Anglin Sr. b. 1659, married Sarah (maiden name unknown) probable children:

  1. William Anglin Jr born about 1695 married Ellis Taylor, a widow on July 22, 1725
     
  2. John Anglin born about 1697 married Mary Uneth on May 21, 1734
     
  3. Cornelius Anglin Sr born about 1700 married Barbara (maiden name unknown) their child was Cornelius Anglin Jr, born about 1729
     
  4. Mary Anglin born about 1709 married Robert Gardner

In addition to Cornelius Anglin Jr (above) other probable grandchildren were:

  1. Nathan Anglin
     
  2. Sarah Anglin married John Wamsley in 1744
     
  3. William Anglin: Catherine Anglin
     
  4. Hannah Anglin

Comment

The above listed "probable grandchildren" were each named on one or more early Maryland records. Dates and/or other clues indicated that each of them likely belonged to the next generation. (i.e., grandchildren of William & Sarah Anglin Sr). I could positively identify only one of them to actual parents (i.e., Cornelius Anglin Jr).

Note

Paragraphs below correspond to the designation of each respective child shown on the above family chart.

  1. William Anglin Jr: Born about 1695
    William Anglin Jr and Ellis Taylor were married in St. Anne's Parish, Anne Arundal County. In 1724, the year prior to their marriage, a William Anglin is on a tax list of Somerset County, Maryland. That was likely the same William. In later years this William Anglin is on Maryland records with the "Jr" designation dropped from his name.
     
  2. John Anglin: Born about 1697
    This John Anglin and Mary Uneth were married in All Hallow's Parish, Anne Arundal County, Maryland. John was born during the same period of years as William Anglin Jr and Cornelius Anglin Sr. Since there was likely only one Anglin family in the Maryland colony at that time, all were likely sons of William & Sarah Anglin.
     
  3. Cornelius Anglin Sr: born about 1700
    Cornelius Anglin Sr and Barbara, his wife, christened their son, Cornelius Jr, in St. Paul's Parish, Baltimore County on June 4, 1729. Cornelius Sr. apparently died early since Maryland records in 1738 indicate that Barbara Anglin was then a widow.

Comment

Note in Section Three the frequent use of the given name Cornelius among the children and later descendents of the William Anglin family from Louisa County, Virginia. Where they connected? Possible.

  • Mary Anglin: born about 1809
    Like William Jr above, the records clearly identify Mary Anglin as a daughter of William and Sarah Anglin Sr. When christened in 1709 in St. Anne's Parish in Anne Arundal County, the record identifies her parent's as William and Sarah Angling. There was a May Anglin who married Robert Gardner on January 5, 1728, in St Paul's Parish. She was apparently this Mary Anglin.

Comment

In subsequent Section Three (Chapter VIII) a William Anglin is identified who went from Louisa County, Virginia, to North Carolina. That family line perpetuated the name Cornelius profusely through several generations. They may have descended from this line of Maryland Anglins. There is no proof.
 

Another Anglin of early Maryland

There was a Zachariah Anglin on the Maryland census of 1800 with children. His marriage to Jane Cobern in Baltimore January 6, 1811, appears to have been a second marriage.
 

What happened to the early Anglin Families of Maryland?

Some Possible Explanations:

  • If the William Anglin Sr family was the only early family, it may have declined rapidly in numbers due to deaths, a majority of female children, or other such events
     
  • Some may have migrated to Virginia or elsewhere
     
  • Like some of the early Virginia Anglins some may have changed their surnames to Anglia, Angle, Angel, etc. (See the examples/indications of such changes in later sections of his book.)
     

Maryland Anglins found on various indexes of the U.S. Censuses

1790: None

1800: Nat Anglin 20010-10201 Anne Arundel Co, pg. 67, and Zachariah Anglin 10010-01010, pg 63

1810:  Agnatius Anglin (likely Nat of 1800), Anne Arundal County, pg. 494

1840:  Charles Aggeling (Anglin?) Baltimore County, pg. 243, and Gotliess Anglin, Baltimore County, pg. 323

Comment

Among the hundreds or more places of birth checked on censuses of 1850 and later none stated, "born in Maryland"! Among the hundreds of Anglins and Anglin descendents checked on censuses of 1880 none stated as having a father "born in Maryland"!
 

Postscript

The following piece of information comes from Karen Parker:

1756:  Athanasius Anglin deserted (25- y/o planter, Anne Arundel Co., MD

1759:  John Anglin deserted at Annapolis (age 18, born on Severn R., MD)

button-next1