This chapter has grown out of the study of Anglins in Ireland and what happened them, particularly during the difficult years of the 16th-17th and 18th centuries, but it has also grown out of a fact that many Irish Anglins have relatives who moved to England more recently. No effort will be made here to carry out an independent study the Anglins of England, but for the benefit of other Anglins what is known of the past is recorded.
The story of the Anglins in England differs from other stories of the Anglin Diaspora in that it is possible, even probable, the arrival of some early Anglins into the new world was from Ireland but via a stay in England. Awareness of emigration of Anglins out of England is part of their story.
The Aims of this Chapter are:
- To recall any historical background of the Irish English link not already referred to in historical ‘appendices’
- To identify any information available of the early movement of Anglins from Ireland to England
- To gather together current information of Anglins in England particularly regarding their presence in the 17th and 18th centuries in the Bristol area
- To recognise the possibility of Anglins of England moving to the New World during the 17th and 18th centuries
Some relevant historical background with particular reference to Bristol
- There is historical evidence of trade links in small ships between these Severn estuary ports in South West England and ports on the south coast of Ireland, Wexford, Waterford, Kinsale, Baltimore and Cork
- The tobacco trade. Bristol was a major centre for this trade from the tobacco plantations in the new American colonies e.g. Virginia in the early years
- The last ports for supplies before transatlantic crossing were the ports of the south Coast of Ireland
- Bristol and the Bristol area (Somerset) was the source of the settlers in the English colonisation of the Munster. Bandon is an example
- There were other Irish/English trade links. On the East of Ireland Dublin to Liverpool and in north of Ireland Belfast/Derry to Glasgow. These ports also linked to the USA and Canada
- During the ‘New English’ period of involvement in Ireland Irish people including Anglins came to England for economic reasons to ‘survive’ often as the ‘poor Irish’
Sources of Information
- War dead plaques of Anglins particularly in Catholic Churches
- The National Archives in Kew. The military and naval records and wills
- Graveyards in Glastonbury…’West country’ again
- Family trees
- Valerie Anglin put together information of 202 births of Anglins between 1838-1914, 89 marriages of Anglins between 1831-1913, 125 deaths of Anglins between 1833-1904. Much of these were in East London, the Bristol area, and a few in Manchester/Liverpool and a few in the Newcastle area
- English Military and naval archives of Anglins of the West Indian Regiments in WW2
- Vii Shipping information to Ireland and the New World
- Irelands memorial war Records 1914-1918, John Anglin died France 1/7/1916 a native of Cahir Tipperary
- Originsnetwork.com. gives a list of ‘Irish Strays’ for 1841 and again for 1871. The value of this data is the evidence of the presence of the name in London, Manchester, and Gloucestershire. It does not give the source of the information
Anglins in England today
Directories today show the name in Glasgow in Scotland, in England North West around Manchester and North East as well, but the majority presence is in London, Essex and in the West Country around Bristol.
Origin and entry of Anglins into England
There is evidence of Anglins in England from the early 1800’s and it is clear those Anglins were from Ireland. E.g. the Family Tree of the ‘Bristol Anglins’ records Patriarch, John, was born in Cork City in Ireland in the c.1786. I give further examples in appendix 8C indicating the spread of these Irish born Anglins throughout England as early as 1880. I have also included some indication of the variation in spelling of the name in Appendix 8B taken from Mormon records of the 1800’s.
The earliest date we have of an English Anglin is of a Philip Anglin in the Records of Lambeth Palace in 1755 who went to Jamaica as a teacher, but it does not speak of his origins (cf. National Archives.).
The earliest marriage unearthed was 5th January 1757 William Anglin to Sarah Crowley St. James Westminster London.
Late examples of the poor Anglins coming to England are given in ‘Irish Strays’ in 1841 and 1871
Anglins in England: The Bristol area
- Valerie Anglin of Bristol did a lot of work in tracing Anglins in the West of England. She made me aware of her own group who traced their family history back to Cork City to John Anglin who was born there in c. 1786. For reference purposes I refer to them as the ‘Bristol Anglins’. They are a separate DNA grouping. In view of the trading links of Cork to the Bristol area it is no surprise Anglins from Cork would have gone to Bristol.
- Recently I spoke to a John Anglin living in the north east of England and he traces himself back to the Bristol area.
- Valerie Anglin also referred to another Anglin grouping whom I shall call ‘Bridgewater Anglins’ and for whom there is also a small family tree.
- To these I add members of my own family group some of whom live in England whose history goes back to a John Anglin who married in Glanmire Cork in 1850. These are of Gp. 2 of the DNA Anglin project. I refer to them as the ‘Glanmire Anglins’.
- The above three groups are Catholic.
- There are other Anglins in England who are not Catholic. I know little of these. I spoke to Anglins in the East London / Essex area they did not profess to have much knowledge of their ancestry, but mentioned they lived in the East London/Essex area for years in places like Billingsgate and Upminster. They mentioned family names like Alfred, George, Harry, John, and gave naval connections of the first war 1914-1918, but nothing earlier. But tellingly they referred to a ‘granny Kelly’ (an Irish name) in their family background.
- Local Studies department of the Bristol Library has told me verbally that in the passenger records there is the name of an Anglin who went to Philadelphia from Bristol in the 1700’s.
- Two sources of evidence of English Anglins linked to County Tipperary exist, one in Hornchurch Essex and one a soldier from Cahir Tipperary who died in first war.
- There are Anglins of the Somerset Regiments and the Guernsey Light killed in WW1.
- There was a ship called ‘Anglin’ who travelled to Belfast and to Liverpool in the years 1809 and 1812.
Anglins of England linked to Jamaica
Examining records in England and abroad of the 1700’s it is clear the Anglins of Jamaica are linked to England. These would be of the protestant tradition
In Jamaica there were Anglin plantation owners and then those Anglins who married into the Scarlett family. They used the names Cornwall and Westmoreland in their estate names. These are English place names.
There is a Philip Anglin whose journey to the Caribbean had to do with the Church of England and teaching.
Today there are Anglins with African pedigree who came from Jamaica to England.
Anglins of England linked to USA
It is quite amazing that in the pre 1800 period no information is as yet presented of Anglins from England entering America, even though it is presumed to be true. (There is the one exception referred to above).
In the general research into the Anglins of the early Diaspora, awareness has grown of a real possibility the Anglin Story within the USA and the Caribbean may actually begin in England. Initially I thought of London as the point of departure, but now it may be more likely that it is from the Bristol area they left; of course such Anglins would originally have come to Bristol England from Ireland.