Anglins in mainland Europe 1500-1800
This chapter has become possible because of the recent in depth work of scholars who are opening up European records of the Irish presence in Europe particularly in the period 1500- 1800. I express thanks to those involved particularly in the Ireland European project and in the Exhibition on Migration to Europe mounted in the National Library in 2008 linked to Maynooth. In this context three books have been of great value in opening my eyes to this ‘story’ cf. footnote.
In studying these books attention to detail is important as underlying the reading is the objective of unearthing the Anglins who were part of this story. So references to lists of surnames are followed.
Anglins in Europe today
The name is present in Spain but a recent arrival; the name is present in Lisbon Portugal for a long time indicated by the Portuguese first names. The name is present in Argentina (historically linked to Spain) and here also for a long time. The name was present in Finland for some time.
The historical supplement gives information on Irish migrations to mainland Europe in the period early 1500’s till it ended circa 1800. To emphasise the implications particular points are recalled.
The following five groups migrated to Europe, some permanently, some temporarily: the latter, returning home or using Europe as a staging point on a journey to another place. The groups are:
These migrations, known to Irish people in a general manner, are not well understood, spoken of, or written about other than by scholars. This is possibly partly due to language barriers, but also due to historical changes in migration that occurred circa 1800. Research on this ‘Irish to Europe group’ can only be done on records and documents held in Europe. Information on these ‘European Anglin migrants’ is still sketchy at this stage, but is growing. I declare a handicap; I do not speak French of Spanish, but it is still possible to unearth sources and search for Anglins in some of them.
Destinations of the émigrés
Where did the Irish migrants go? To Spain, France, Flanders and to a lesser extent other areas of Europe. I omit migration to England, as it will be examined in Chapter 12 – ‘The Story of the Anglins in England’.
Irish settlers in Europe
Some émigrés who had travelled to avoid problems in Ireland, or for education, or employment settled into their new homeland and did not return to Ireland. Irish communities grew up in some places, some intermarried with locals, some individuals and families entered into positions of importance. Sadly some were ‘trouble makers’, fortunately just a few. The establishment of successful businesses e.g. the wine business is noteworthy.
All this occurred even though they may initially have left Ireland for other reasons.
Sources of information on Irish émigrés
Knowing who went, to where, and what happened there, now makes possible identification of information sources on the émigrés. They are:
All that remains to be done now is the slow hard work!!
Evidence of Anglin presence in Europe in the past
Without as yet having gone beyond the historical, evidence of Anglins has been unearthed among four of the five groups who were part of the European migration.
Thomas Anglin was a student in the Irish College of Louvain Belgium from 1774- 1777. He was a native of Waterford and Lismore Diocese (Source: Strangers to citizens exhibition in NLI Dublin)
William Anglin, a sergeant was in an Irish Regiment in Spain and whose name appears in records from to 1568 -1653(Source: Strangers to citizens exhibition in NLI Dublin) see also the footnote.
Patrick Anglin Prior Augustinian house Dungarvan Waterford 1791-1802 returned from Europe.
Marriage and merchants
John Anglin born Cork 1786 married Anna Hickling of Azores and raised a family in Madeira and Azores.
Other material worthy of research particularly seeking surname lists:
Further developments on Chapter 11
Extract from Parochial Registers of St.Germaine – en-Laye for 1706
The extract given below in French is taken from the Church Registers in that town, Jacobite section. The spelling of Anglin is in the Hanglin form not unusual for that period as it parallels that seen in the Lismore papers dealt with in Further Developments on Chapter 3. The extract shows the migration and presence of the Anglin surname among the Irish exiled officers of the Jacobite army following the defeat of King James by William of Orange.
Jacobite Extracts 53
(1708. 29 Juillet). a.e.b. Jean Yves Coulon, f. de Yves Coulon,
S. Avenel. Prieur.
Coulter. (1706. 24 Oct.) Inh. Eleonore Coulter, femme de Guillaume
S.S. Desprez. Binet.
Courtin. (1707. 10 Nov.) Inh. Honora Courtin, 3 ans, ff. de Jean
Coutant. (1707. 14 Janv.) a.e.b. Gaspard Coutant, f. de Gaspard
S.S- Marie Guedon. Baltasar Artima. Boivin, vicaire.
Cox. (1710. 19 Mai). Inh. Rebecca Cox, veuve de Gauthier Dormer,
S.S. Binet. Boullay.
Crane. (1713. 8 Juin). a.e.b. Marie Crane, ff. de Guillaume, ecuyer
S.S. La duchesse de Perth pour la Reine. Le due de Perth.
Creagh. (1706. 9 Juil.) a.e.b. Henriette Creagh, ff. de Mathieu, ecuyer
S.S. James Hanglin. Mary Farely. De Ferencour.
(1707. 15 Sept.) a.e.b. Catherine Creagh, ff. de Jacques,
S.S. Nihell. Cecily Mahony. Geoghegan.
(1713. 14 Avril). Inh. Elisabeth Creagh, ff. de Mathieu
S.S. Binet. Boullay.
Cretan. (1719. 24 Oct.) Inh. Madeleine Cretan, irland. de nation.