O’hANGLUINN:
The Surname 'Anglin'
Appendices

Appendix 4

American history (years pre-1774)

button-previous button-next

The purpose of this list of events, which is not exhaustive, is to set a context for the Story of the Early Anglins in the USA.


Background

There were tobacco trade links from Virginia to Bristol England in the 1600’s and 1700’s. There were trade links between Cork ports, the port of Bristol and ports of the Virginia area. The colonisation of Virginia was contemporaneous with the colonisation of Ireland and often with the same English leaders. The Anglins were in Bristol before 1800 – how early is the question?

The Early Anglins to the USA

  • Ruth Anglin debentured servant arrived by ship 1635, based in Virginia.
  • Eleanor Anglin arrived by ship 1688 the year of their presence in Maryland
  • William Anglin arrived on a ship pre 1689 the year of their presence in Maryland
  • James Anglin (gp. 4) evidence of presence in 1751 in ?????
  • Adrian Anglin (gp. 3) evidence of arrival 1717 Virginia as debentured servant
  • William Anglin (gp. 2) evidence for his presence in 1733/4 in ???

Some relevant historical events

1606: The London Company sponsors a colonizing expedition to Virginia

1608: In January, 110 additional colonists arrive at Jamestown. In December, the first items of export trade are sent from Jamestown back to England and include lumber and iron ore

1609: Native tobacco is first planted and harvested in Virginia by colonists. Bristol England was the home of the big tobacco company Wills

1616: Tobacco becomes an export staple for Virginia

1619: Twenty Africans are brought by a Dutch ship to Jamestown for sale as indentured servants, marking the beginning of slavery in Colonial America

1620: The first public library is organized in Virginia books donated by English landowners

1624: The Virginia Company charter revoked – Virginia is declared a Royal colony

1629: Charles I of England dissolves parliament, many leave for the American colonies

1634: First settlement in Maryland as 200 settlers, many of them Catholic, arrive in the lands granted to R. C. Lord Baltimore by Charles I

1640-1659: English Civil War erupts. 1649 Charles I is beheaded. England becomes a Commonwealth and Protectorate ruled by Cromwell

1660: The English monarchy restored under King Charles II

1660: The English Crown approves a Navigation Act requiring the exclusive use of English ships for trade in the English Colonies and limits exports of tobacco and sugar and other commodities to England or its colonies

1663: Charles II establishes colony of Carolina and grants territory to eight loyal supporters

1663: Navigation Act of 1663 requires that most imports to the colonies must be transported via England on English ships

1672: The Royal Africa Company is given a monopoly in the English slave trade

1673: The British Navigation Act of 1673 sets up the office of customs commissioner in the colonies to collect duties on goods that pass between plantations

1682: French explorer La Salle explores the lower Mississippi Valley region and claims it for France, Louisiana

1685: Protestants in France lose their guarantee of religious freedom as King Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes, spurring many to leave for America

1688: In December, King James II of England flees to France after being deposed by influential English leaders

1690: The beginning of King William's War as hostilities in Europe between the French and English spill over to the colonies

1696: The Royal African Trade Company loses its slave trade monopoly, spurring colonists in New England to engage in slave trading for profit. In April, the Navigation Act of 1696 is passed by the English Parliament requiring colonial trade to be done exclusively via English built ships. The Act also expands the powers of colonial custom commissioners, including rights of forcible entry, and requires the posting of bonds on certain goods

1699: The English Parliament passes the Wool Act, protecting its own wool industry by limiting wool production in Ireland and forbidding the export of wool from the American colonies

1702: In March, Queen Anne ascends the English throne. In May, England declares war on France, to stop the union of France and Spain

1702: In Maryland, the Anglican Church is established as the official church, financially supported by taxation imposed on all free men, male servants and slaves

1705: In Virginia, slaves are assigned the status of real estate by the Virginia Black Code of 1705

1711: Hostilities break out between Native Americans and settlers in North Carolina after the massacre of settlers there. The conflict, known as the Tuscarora Indian War will last two years

1712: In May, the Carolina colony is into North Carolina and South Carolina

1718: New Orleans is founded by the French

1730: Baltimore is founded in the Maryland colony

1739: England declares war on Spain. As a result, in America, hostilities break out between Florida Spaniards and Georgia and South Carolina colonists

1756: England declares war on France, as the French and Indian War in the colonies now spreads to Europe

1757: In June, William Pitt becomes England's Secretary of State and escalates the French and Indian War in the colonies by establishing a policy of unlimited warfare

1764: The English Parliament passes a measure to reorganize the American customs system to better enforce British trade laws, which have often been ignored in the past

1764: The Currency Act prohibits the colonists from issuing any legal tender paper money

1764: Boston merchants begin a boycott of British luxury goods

1765: The Stamp Act. The American colonists quickly unite in opposition, led by the most influential segments of colonial society - lawyers, publishers, land owners, ship builders and…

1766: In March, King George III signs a bill repealing the Stamp Act after much debate in the English Parliament

1773: Tea Act. It also gives the British East India Company a virtual tea monopoly American history site: http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/revolution/rev-early.htm

1778 –83: The American Revolution

button-next1